The 23-year-old missed much of the last campaign through injury but has already played six times for United as well as appearing three times for England since making his debut in August.
Cleverley said: "Everyone knows I had some injuries last season so to be at United and in the England squad is something that I'm hugely proud of.
"I'm very excited about the future. We have only had the opening couple of months of the season but I have played at massive stadiums in some huge games already.
"So it is all very good in terms of gaining experience."